4turf® is a new turf-type tetraploid perennial ryegrass. Farmers have long understood the value of tetraploid perennial ryegrasses: rapid establishment, growth in cool temperatures, and better environmental stress tolerance. Our breeders set out to pass on these characteristics to landscapers. They developed tetraploid technology to the point where you too, can experience the tetraploid advantage in a unique range of fine-leaved, high-density turf-type tetraploid ryegrasses. 4turf® ryegrasses are as far removed from agriculture as their diploid relatives.
Diploid and tetraploid plants have different amounts of chromosomes in the nucleus of each plant cell. Diploid plants have two sets of chromosomes in each cell; tetraploid plants have four. Polyploidy – the ability of a plant to contain more than two sets of chromosomes – can be induced by the application of the natural alkaloid plant hormone, colchicine. Colchicine, which is derived from the autumn crocus, acts as a mitosis inhibitor; it leads to a doubling of chromosomes within each cell. Historically, perennial ryegrasses bred for amenity use have been diploid. Tetraploid perennial ryegrasses are a technological step forward. They perform better because they have twice as many chromosomes and therefore twice as much chloroplast in each cell. The extra chloroplast boosts chlorophyll production, creating a healthier, highenergy plant. Tetraploids are robust and hard-wearing, with improved stress-tolerance and ability to recover, even in cooler temperatures.
4turf larger seeds contain more energy reserves for a stronger faster establishment and healthy plant development. When the weather cools down 4turf doesn't. 4turf continues to germinate. 4turf has a better germination at 4oC compared to diploid. This is also a big advantage when overseeding.
4turf®’s larger energy reserves significantly increase natural disease resistance. This valuable characteristic helps maintain a healthy looking turf during autumn and winter. In trials undertaken in Finland, 4turf® Fabian showed superior winter hardiness. And in Scandinavian Scanturf trials, it ranked No 1 for general turf quality.
4turf® is more attractive than traditional ryegrass varieties. Its leaves are a deeper and glossier green, which makes it more inviting. With an improved cellular structure and more efficient photosynthesis, 4turf® cultivars keep their colour all year round, even when light levels are low. Better colour and increased root mass means 4turf® uses nitrogen more efficiently. That’s good for the environment and for turf managers because 4turf® needs less nitrogen fertiliser.
When we say that 4turf has exceptional winter performance this is no idle boast. Trials from Finland show Fabian has a superior winter hardiness - and 4turf' is also number one in general turf quality within the Scandinavian independent and official Scanturf trails.
Results from our drought trials in France in the Loire Valley show how much more the 4turf varieties are tolerant to drought than traditional varieties. As the graph shows 4turf varieties have index 133 compared to traditional varieties with index 100. Not only are 4turf varieties more tolerant they also recover quicker from drought when the rain come.
Your skills as a groundsman, greenkeeper or landscaper are fundamental to the success of your stadium, golf course, sports ground or public park. For the most professional results, you need the best grass seed you can get. When choosing 4turf your turf establishes faster and gives you thicker, greener cover all through the year. Itsmore tolerant to drought, diseases and cold. With 4turf you can perform wonders.
Tetraploids were first seen in a lawn grass situation over 25 years ago when the standard of turf quality in general was not as high. What is new is that this new generation of varieties I have developed are able to compete in performance and appearance with the best modern standard varieties. It has taken me over 20 years to achieve this. Even that first variety many years ago exhibited improved stress tolerance and this is what has motivated me as a breeder to continue improving and refining 4turf. 4turf will open new horizons in Perennial ryegrass breeding.
Christophe Galbrun - Seed Breeder